Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 26, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes Income Taxes
The effective tax rates were approximately 8.7% and 22.9% for the nine months ended and 52.8% and 31.3% for the three months ended September 26, 2020 and September 28, 2019, respectively. The 2020 tax rate was impacted by permanently non-deductible goodwill impairments totaling $60.8 million, a Federal valuation allowance of approximately $7.5 million, and a tax benefit related to a revised state income tax filing position of approximately $3.1 million recorded during the three and nine months ended September 26, 2020.
During the three and nine months ended September 26, 2020, the Company determined that a revised state filing position could be taken which would reduce the taxable income apportioned for certain state income tax purposes. The Company concluded that amended state income tax returns would be filed for the open tax years of 2015 through 2018 to reflect this revised tax position and claim the associated tax benefits. In addition, the revised tax position will also be taken on the 2019 state income tax filing. Accordingly, the Company has recorded a discrete tax benefit of $3.1 million related to these items for the three and nine month periods ended September 26, 2020.
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) was enacted in response to the economic uncertainty resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. The CARES Act includes many measures to assist companies, including temporary changes to income and non-income based laws, some of which were enacted as part of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“TCJA”). Some of the key changes include eliminating the 80% of taxable income limitation by allowing corporate entities to fully utilize net operating losses (“NOL”) to offset taxable income in 2018, 2019 and 2020, allowing NOLs originating in 2018, 2019 and 2020 to be carried back five years and retroactively clarifying the immediate recovery of qualified improvement property costs rather than over a 39-year recovery period. During the nine months ended September 26,
2020, the Company recorded a $1.5 million benefit relating to the NOL carryback provisions and the technical correction for qualified improvement property provided for in the CARES Act. The Company will continue to monitor additional guidance issued and assess the impact that various provisions will have on its business.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and its adverse effects on the global economy and aerospace industry that began to take shape in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, the Company is now forecasting to generate a taxable loss in 2020 which can be carried back under the CARES Act to recover previously paid income taxes. After consideration of deferred tax liabilities that reverse in 2021 and beyond, the Company must rely on future taxable income in 2021 and beyond for purposes of asserting that the Company’s remaining U.S. Federal deferred tax assets are realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis as required under ASC 740. Losses in recent periods and projected losses, combined with the significant uncertainty brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, is collectively considered significant negative evidence under ASC 740 when assessing whether an entity can use projected income as a basis for concluding that deferred tax assets are realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis. Accordingly, during the nine months ended September 26, 2020, the Company determined that a portion of its deferred tax assets are not expected to be realizable in the future. As a result, the Company recorded a partial valuation allowance of approximately $7.5 million during the nine months ended September 26, 2020 against its U.S. Federal deferred tax assets.