Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Fair Value

Fair Value
6 Months Ended
Jul. 02, 2022
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value Fair Value
A fair value measurement assumes that the transaction to sell an asset or transfer a liability occurs in the principal market for the asset or liability or, in the absence of a principal market, the most advantageous market for the asset or liability. Fair value is based upon an exit price model. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and involves consideration of factors specific to the asset or liability.
The Company follows a valuation hierarchy for disclosure of the inputs to valuation used to measure fair value. This hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels as follows:
Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.
Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on our own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value.
On a Recurring Basis:
A financial asset or liability’s classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
On October 4, 2019, the Company acquired the stock of the primary operating subsidiaries as well as certain other assets from mass transit and defense market test solution provider, Diagnosys Test Systems Limited for $7.0 million in cash, plus an earn-out estimated at a fair value of $2.5 million at the time of acquisition. The terms of the Diagnosys acquisition allow for a potential earn-out of up to an additional $13.0 million over the three years post-acquisition based on achievement of new order levels of over $72.0 million during that period. The fair value assigned to the earnout was determined using the real options method, which requires Level 3 inputs such as new order forecasts, discount rate, volatility factors, and other market variables to assess the probability of Diagnosys achieving certain order levels over the period. Based on actual and forecasted new orders, the fair value was zero as of July 2, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The fair value was reduced to zero as of July 3, 2021, with the contingent consideration liability fair value adjustment of $2.2 million recorded within the Selling, General and Administrative line in the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations in the three and six months ended July 3, 2021.
There were no other financial assets or liabilities carried at fair value measured on a recurring basis at December 31, 2021 or July 2, 2022.
On a Non-recurring Basis:
There were no non-recurring fair value measurements performed in the six months ended July 2, 2022 and July 3, 2021.
Due to their short-term nature, the carrying value of cash and equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and notes payable approximate fair value. The carrying value of the Company’s variable rate long-term debt instruments also approximates fair value due to the variable rate feature of these instruments.