Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation

Basis of Presentation
3 Months Ended
Apr. 01, 2023
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.
Operating Results
The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic and supply chain disruptions have increased the volatility we experience in our financial results in recent periods and this could continue in future interim and annual periods. Operating results for the three months ended April 1, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023.
The balance sheet at December 31, 2022 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements.
For further information, refer to the financial statements and footnotes thereto included in Astronics Corporation’s 2022 annual report on Form 10-K.
Description of the Business
Astronics Corporation (“Astronics” or the “Company”) is a leading provider of advanced technologies to the global aerospace, defense and electronics industries. Our products and services include advanced, high-performance electrical power generation, distribution and motion systems, lighting and safety systems, avionics products, systems and certification, aircraft structures and automated test systems.
We have principal operations in the United States (“U.S.”), Canada, France and England, as well as engineering offices in the Ukraine and India.
On February 13, 2019, the Company completed a divestiture of its semiconductor test business within the Test Systems segment. The transaction included two elements of contingent earnouts. In March 2022, the Company agreed with the earnout calculation for the calendar 2021 earnout in the amount of $11.3 million. The Company recorded the gain and received the payment in the first quarter of 2022. In March 2023, the Company agreed with the final earnout calculation for the calendar 2022 earnout in the amount of $3.4 million. The Company recorded the gain and received the payment in the first quarter of 2023.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization classified the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic. The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted businesses on a global scale, led to significant volatility in financial markets and affected the aviation and industrial industries. The impacts of the pandemic have placed labor and supply chain pressures on our business and we have been impacted by customer demand variability. Although we saw stable and growing backlog during 2022 and into 2023 in our aerospace business, COVID-19 related disruptions are ongoing and continue to adversely challenge our markets. While we remain bullish about the aerospace business, we believe the recovery to pre-pandemic activity, particularly in the widebody market, will take longer than originally anticipated at the outset of the pandemic. As economic activity continues to recover, we will continue to monitor the situation, assessing further possible implications on our operations, supply chain, liquidity, cash flow and customer orders.
In September 2021 the Company was awarded a grant of up to $14.7 million from the U.S. Department of Transportation (“USDOT”) under the Aviation Manufacturing Jobs Protection Program (“AMJP”). The Company received $5.2 million in the first quarter of 2022. The grant benefit was recognized ratably over the performance period as a reduction to cost of products sold in proportion to the compensation expense that the award is intended to defray. During the three months ended April 2, 2022, the Company recognized $6.0 million of the award.
Restricted Cash
Under the provisions of the ABL Revolving Credit Facility (see Note 7), the Company has a lockbox arrangement with the banking institution for its accounts within the United States whereby daily lockbox receipts are contractually utilized to pay down outstanding balances on the Revolving Credit Facility debt. Lockbox balances that have not yet been applied to the Revolving Credit Facility are classified as restricted cash in the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets. The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and restricted cash included in Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets to the amounts included in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows.
(In thousands) April 1, 2023 April 2, 2022
Cash and Cash Equivalents $ 4,220  $ 24,015 
Restricted cash 1,497  — 
Total Cash and Restricted Cash Shown in Statements of Cash Flows $ 5,717  $ 24,015 
Trade Accounts Receivable and Contract Assets
The allowance for estimated credit losses is based on the Company’s assessment of the collectability of customer accounts. The Company regularly reviews the allowance by considering factors such as the age of the receivable balances, historical experience, credit quality, current economic conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts of future economic conditions that may affect a customer’s ability to pay. The allowance for estimated credit losses balance was $2.3 million and $2.6 million at April 1, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. The Company’s bad debt expense was insignificant during the three months ended April 1, 2023 and April 2, 2022. Total write-offs charged against the allowance were insignificant the three months ended April 1, 2023 and April 2, 2022. Total recoveries were $0.3 million in the three months ended April 1, 2023 and $0.2 million in the three months ended April 2, 2022.
The Company's exposure to credit losses may increase if its customers are adversely affected by global economic recessions, disruption associated with the COVID-19 pandemic or the Russian/Ukrainian conflict, industry conditions, or other customer-specific factors. Although the Company has historically not experienced significant credit losses, it is possible that there could be a material adverse impact from potential adjustments of the carrying amount of trade receivables and contract assets as airlines and other aerospace companies’ cash flows are impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and associated supply chain disruptions.
Research and Development Expenses
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred and include salaries, benefits, consulting, material costs and depreciation. Research and development expenses amounted to $12.7 million and $12.2 million for the three months ended April 1, 2023 and April 2, 2022, respectively. These costs are included in cost of products sold.
Valuation of Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets
The Company tests goodwill at the reporting unit level on an annual basis or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount.
Long-lived assets are evaluated for recoverability whenever adverse effects or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The recoverability test consists of comparing the undiscounted projected cash flows with the carrying amount. Should the carrying amount exceed undiscounted projected cash flows, an impairment loss would be recognized to the extent the carrying amount exceeds fair value.
As of April 1, 2023 and April 2, 2022, the Company concluded that no indicators of impairment relating to intangible assets or goodwill existed and an interim test was not performed in the three month periods then ended.
Foreign Currency Translation
The aggregate foreign currency transaction gain or loss included in operations was insignificant for the three months ended April 1, 2023 and April 2, 2022.
Newly Adopted Accounting Pronouncement
We consider the applicability and impact of all ASUs. Recent ASUs were assessed and determined to be either not applicable, or had or are expected to have minimal impact on our financial statements and related disclosures.