Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Oct. 02, 2021
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes Income Taxes
The effective tax rates were approximately (4.9)% and 52.8% for the three months ended and (1.4)% and 8.7% for the nine months ended October 2, 2021 and September 26, 2020, respectively. The tax rate in the 2021 period was impacted by State and Foreign income taxes as well as changes in the valuation allowance previously recorded against U.S. Federal deferred tax assets. As discussed below, the tax rate in the 2020 period was impacted primarily by the initial recording of a valuation allowance against U.S. Federal deferred tax assets and permanently nondeductible goodwill impairments.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and its adverse effects on the global economy and aerospace industry that began to take shape in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, through October 2, 2021 the Company is continuing to forecast that it will generate a taxable loss in 2021. The Company records a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets if and to the extent it is more likely than not that the Company will not recover the deferred tax assets. In evaluating the need for a valuation allowance, the Company weights all relevant positive and negative evidence, and considers among other factors, historical financial performance, projected future taxable income, scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, the overall business environment, and tax planning strategies. Losses in recent periods and cumulative pre-tax losses in the three-year period ending with the current year, combined with the significant uncertainty brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, is collectively considered significant negative evidence under ASC 740 when assessing whether an entity can use projected income as a basis for concluding that deferred tax assets are realizable on a more-likely-than not basis. For purposes of assessing the recoverability of deferred tax assets, in the first quarter of 2020 the Company determined that it could not include future projected earnings in the analysis due to recent history of losses and therefore had insufficient objective positive evidence that the Company will generate sufficient future pre-tax income to overcome the negative evidence of cumulative losses. As a result, the Company recorded a valuation allowance against its U.S. federal deferred tax assets in the first quarter of 2020 and continues to maintain the valuation allowance against its U.S. Federal deferred tax assets as of October 2, 2021.
On March 11, 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act, or ARPA, was signed into law. The ARPA enacted certain provisions that are relevant to corporate income tax. These provisions did not have a material impact on our income tax provision for the three or nine months ended October 2, 2021.